In the Stewart Warner speedometer, the gear on the first intermediate shaft which meshes with the worm on the input shaft was no longer in working order. The pinion was no longer engaging with the worm gear. Due to the work done on the speedometer by the previous owner, it was impossible to determine the correct dimensions. The manufacture of a spare part required several attempts and a material that was stable, enabled high precision and was suitable for continuous use.
With the igus 3D printing service, a fully functioning spare part was made from iglidur I6. Thanks to fast and cost-effective manufacture with the laser sintering method, it was a straightforward matter for the vintage car owner to test several variants of the component in practice. Thanks to the high-performance polymer used with incorporated solid lubricants, the component no longer needs to be lubricated. Even after being in use for more than 2,000 miles, no signs of wear are detectable.
The speedometer of a Stanley 750B vintage car built in 1924 no longer functioned - the mileage counter was defective. The cause of the defect was found by the owner to be the toothed gear that was located on the first intermediate shaft and meshed with the worm on the input shaft. Due to wear, the pinion was no longer engaging with the worm.
The problem was caused by the three-section trip meter mechanism: the dials had an axial play of around 0.2mm and there was no spring washer that pressed the dials against each other. Occasionally, a small transfer gear slipped between the dials and blocked the counting mechanism. A slightly curved, 0.1mm-thick brass washer fitted at the side eliminated the axial play so that blockage no longer occurred.
After the cause of the defect had been eliminated, it was possible to set about manufacturing a spare part. With the help of the FreeCAD software, Dr. Pühler succeeded in creating a CAD file with a 3D model of the component that was needed The first order through the igus 3D printing service was processed without complication and the finished spare part was received after only a few days.
The material was stable and even the smallest details were reproduced perfectly. The shaft immediately fitted into the bearings and the worm gear for the output fitted precisely. However, it turned out that the original pinion had become so worn that the estimated dimensions of the gear were too small.
Only one parameter in the CAD model had to be changed, after which the second version was quickly sent for printing. The second specimen also ran quite well and passed a short endurance test. As it started to exhibit slight malfunctioning at low revs, however, a third version with an adapted toothed gear module and helix angle had to be made. The third specimen functioned perfectly and engaged correctly.
A big advantage of additive manufacturing is that changes can be implemented quickly and with little effort. The adaptation of the digital model and also the convenient online ordering process and speedy manufacture make it possible to implement adaptations of prototypes and spare parts quickly and cost-effectively.
The difficulty with the manufacture of spare parts by means of 3D printing is often the creation of a suitable 3D model. On the Internet, there are numerous tutorials and free online tools for the creation of CAD models. On the igus website as well, there are several free CAD configurators that inexperienced users can utilise for gears, bearings and trapezoidal lead screw nuts, among other things. People who do not want to do this work themselves can find help for the design of 3D printed spare parts on the websites of online workshops for amateurs and other repair initiatives.
After the shaft was thoroughly tested on the test rig, it was fitted into the speedometer, which, in turn, was installed in the vintage car again. A significant advantage of iglidur 6 is offered by the solid lubricants incorporated in the polymer, as it is thanks to them, that the user can avoid having to lubricate the components-even if the interacting part is made of metal.
After being in use for more than 2,000 miles, the printed worm gear continues to be in good shape and no signs of wear can be detected. The slight traces of metal abrasion that can be seen in the picture come from the driving worm gear and were caused in the starting phase of the test but they did not change noticeably during further use.