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iglidur® X6 - material data

Materials table

General features Unit iglidur® X6 test method
Density g/cm³ 1,53
Colour darkblue
Max. humidity absorption at 23°C/50% R. H. % weight 0,1 DIN 53495
Max. water absorption % weight 0,5
Coefficient of surface friction, dynamic, against steel µ 0,09 - 0,25
PV values max. (dry) MPa x m/s 1,35

Mechanical properties
Bending E-module MPa 16.000 DIN 53457
Tensile strength at +20 °C MPa 290 DIN 53452
compressive strength MPa 190
Maximum recommended surface pressure (20° C) MPa 150
Shore D hardness 89 DIN 53505

Physical and thermal properties
Max. long term application temperature °C +250
Max. short term application temperature °C +315
Upper short-term ambient temperature1) °C +315
Lower application temperature °C -100
Heat conductivity W/m x K 0,55 ASTM C 177
Coefficient of thermal expansion (at 23° C) [K-1 x 10-5] 1,1 DIN 53752

Electrical properties2)
Specific forward resistance Ωcm < 105 DIN IEC 93
Surface resistance Ω < 103 DIN 53482

1) Without additional load; no gliding movement; relaxation not excluded.
2) The high conductivity of this plastic can, under certain circumstances, favor
'Table 01: Material Data





Figure 01: Permitted PV values for iglidur® X6 bearings with 1 mm wall thickness in dry operation against a steel shaft, at 20°C, installed in a steel housing.

X = Surface speed [m/s]
Y = Load [MPa]

With respect to its general mechanical and thermal properties, iglidur® X6 is directly comparable to our high-temperature classic, iglidur® X, and may even provide advantages, such as its wear behavior.


Figure 02: Maximum recommended surface pressure dependent on the temperature (150 MPa to +20 °C)

X = Temperature [°C]
Y = Load [MPa]
Figure 03: Deformation under load and temperatures

X = Load [MPa]
Y = Deformation [%]

Mechanical properties

Maximum recommended surface pressure represents a mechanical material parameter. Tribological conclusions cannot be drawn from it. With increasing temperatures, the compressive strength of iglidur® X6 plain bearings decreases. Fig. 02 clarifies this connection.

Figure 03 shows the elastic deformation of iglidur® X6 with radial loads. At a surface pressure of 100 MPa, the deformation is less than 2%. A potential plastic deformation depends, among other things, on the length of exposure.


m/s Rotary oscillating Linear
Constant 1,5 1,1 5
Short-term 3,5 2,5 10
Table 02: Maximum surface speeds

Permitted surface speeds

iglidur® X6 is also intended for higher speeds due to its high temperature resistance and good thermal conductivity. At the specified speeds, an increase in temperature up to the long-term permitted value can occur due to friction. In practice these limit values are not always reached due to interactions.


iglidur® X6 Operating temperature
Lower –100°C
Upper, long-term +250 °C
Upper, short-term +315 °C
Secure axially in addition +165 °C
Table 03: Temperature limits for iglidur® X6

Temperatures

The ambient temperatures influence the properties of bearings to a high degree. In terms of temperature resistance, iglidur® X6 takes a top position among iglidur® materials. In many tests, a six times higher wear resistance than the established "high-temperature specialist" iglidur® X was determined. iglidur® X6 bearings require additional axial securing only above +165°C temperatures.


Figure 04: Coefficients of friction dependent on the surface speed, p = 0,75 MPa

X = Surface speed [m/s]
Y = Coefficient of friction μ
Figure 05: Coefficients of friction dependent on the load, v = 0,01 m/s

X = Load [MPa]
Y = Coefficient of friction μ

Friction and wear

Just like the wear resistance, the coefficient of friction µ, friction coefficient in short, also alters with the load. The friction coefficient of iglidur® X6 falls with the load and is more or less constant from about 30 MPa. The friction coefficient drops significantly also with the speed (Fig. 04 and 05).


Fig. 06: Wear, rotating application with various shaft materials Figure 06: Wear, rotating application with different shaft materials, p = 1 MPa, v = 0,3 m/s
 
X = Shaft material
Y = Wear [μm/km]
 
A = Aluminum, hard-anodized
B = machining steel
C = Cf53
D = Cf53, hard chrome-plated
E = St37
F = V2A
G = X90

shaft materials

Friction and wear also depend to a high degree on the shaft material. Too smooth shafts increase the friction coefficient and the wear of the bearing at the same time. The best case for iglidur® X6 is a bottom surface with an average roughness of Ra = 0.4-0.7 μm. Fig. 06 shows the results of tests of different shaft materials with plain bearings made of iglidur® X6. The best performance is achieved with the shaft materials machining steel and bright steel 1.0037. For higher load cases we recommend tougher steels. Unhardened steel shafts may be subject to wear through the bearing at pressures of over 2 MPa. According to the wear database, iglidur® X6 is more suitable for rotary than swivel motion (Fig. 07). If the shaft material you are planning to use is not listed in these test results, please contact us.

iglidur® X6 Dry Grease Oil Water
Coefficients of friction μ 0,09–0,21 0,09 0,04 0,04
Table 04: Coefficients of friction for iglidur® X6 against steel (Ra = 1 μm, 50 HRC)

Fig. 07: Wear in oscillating and rotating Fig. 07: Wear in oscillating and rotating applications with Cf53 dependent on the load
 
X = Load [MPa]
Y = Wear [μm/km]
 
A= rotary
B= oscillating

Medium Resistance at 20°C
Alcohols +
Hydrocarbons +
Fats, oils, without additives +
Fuels +
Diluted acids +
Strong acids +
Diluted bases +
Strong bases +
+ resistant      0 partially resistant      - non-resistant
All specifications at room temperature [+20 ℃]
Table 05: Chemical resistance of iglidur® X6


Electrical properties
iglidur® X6 bearings are electrically conductive

Specific forward resistance < 105 Ωcm
Surface resistance < 103 Ω

chemical resistance

iglidur® X6 bearings have almost universal chemical resistance. They are affected only by concentrated nitric acid and sulfuric acid. The low humidity absorption allows them to be used in wet or humid environment. The bearings made of iglidur® X6 are resistant to common cleaning agents used in the food industry.

Radioactive rays

Resistant up to a radiation intensity of 2 x 105 Gy

UV-resistant

limited resistance against UV rays

Vacuum

The iglidur® X6 bearings can also be used almost unrestrictedly in vacuum. An outgassing takes place only to a very minor degree.


Maximum moisture absorption
at +23 °C/50 % r.F. 0,1 weight-%
Max. water absorption 0,5 weight-%
Table 06: Moisture absorption of iglidur® X6

Effect of moisture absorption on plain bearings Diagram 10: Effect of moisture absorption
 
X = Moisture absorption [weight %]
Y = Reduction of inside diameter [%]

humidity absorption / moisture absorption

The moisture absorption of iglidur® X6 plain bearings amounts to about 0.1% in standard climatic conditions. The saturation limit in water is 0,5 %. These values are so low that a moisture expansion needs to be considered only in extreme cases.


Diameter
d1 [mm]
Shaft h9
[mm]
iglidur® X6
F10 [mm]
Housing H7
[mm]
Up to 3 0 - 0,025 +0,006 +0,046 0 +0,010
> 3 to 6 0 - 0,030 +0,010 +0,058 0 +0,012
> 6 to 10 0 - 0,036 +0,013 +0,071 0 +0,015
> 10 to 18 0 - 0,043 +0,016 +0,086 0 +0,018
> 18 to 30 0 - 0,052 +0,020 +0,104 0 +0,021
> 30 to 50 0 - 0,062 +0,025 +0,125 0 +0,025
> 50 to 80 0 - 0,074 +0,030 +0,150 0 +0,030

Table 07: Important tolerances for iglidur® X6 bearings according to ISO 3547-1 after the press-fit.

Installation tolerances

iglidur® X6 bearings are standard bearings for shafts with h-tolerance (recommended minimum h9). The bearings are designed for press-fit in a housing with h7 tolerance. After the installation in a housing with nominal diameter, the inner diameter of the bearing automatically adjusts to the F10 tolerance. Compared to the installation tolerance, the inner diameter varies according to moisture absorption.