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iglidur® J3 - material data

Materials table

General features Unit iglidur® J3 test method
Density g/cm³ 1,42
Colour yellow
Max. humidity absorption at 23°C/50% R. H. % weight 0,3 DIN 53495
Max. water absorption % weight 1,3
Coefficient of surface friction, dynamic, against steel µ 0,06 - 0,20
PV values max. (dry) MPa x m/s 0,5

Mechanical properties
Bending E-module MPa 2.700 DIN 53457
Tensile strength at +20 °C MPa 70 DIN 53452
compressive strength MPa 60
Maximum recommended surface pressure (20° C) MPa 45
Shore D hardness 73 DIN 53505

Physical and thermal properties
Max. long term application temperature °C +90
Max. short term application temperature °C +120
Lower application temperature °C -50
Heat conductivity W/m x K 0,25 ASTM C 177
Coefficient of thermal expansion (at 23° C) K-1 x 10-5 13 DIN 53752

Electrical properties
Specific forward resistance Ωcm > 1012 DIN IEC 93
Surface resistance Ω > 1012 DIN 53482




Figure 01: Permitted PV values for iglidur® J3 bearings with 1 mm wall thickness in dry operation against a steel shaft, at 20°C, installed in a steel housing.

X = Surface speed [m/s]
Y = Load [MPa]

 

With respect to its general mechanical and thermal specifications, iglidur® J3 is directly comparable to our classic, iglidur® J.

Figure 02: Maximum recommended surface pressure dependent on the temperature (45 MPa to +20 °C)
 
X = Temperature [°C]
Y = Load [MPa]

 

Figure 03: Deformation under load and temperatures
 
X = Load [MPa]
Y = Deformatio [%]

 
Mechanical properties

Maximum recommended surface pressure represents a mechanical material parameter. Tribological conclusions cannot be drawn from it. The compressive strength of iglidur® J3 bearings decreases with increasing temperatures. Fig. 02 clarifies this connection.

Figure 03 shows the elastic deformation of iglidur® J3 with radial loads. Under the maximum recommended surface pressure of 45 MPa, the deformation amounts to less than 6%. A potential plastic deformation depends, among other things, on the length of exposure.

Maximum surface speed

m/s Rotary oscillating Linear
Constant 1,5 1,1 8
Short-term 3 2,1 10
Table 02: Maximum surface speeds

Permitted surface speeds

iglidur® J3 is also suitable for medium to high speeds; the limit values indicated in Table 02 can be achieved only at very low pressure loads. At the specified speeds, an increase in temperature up to the long-term permitted value can occur due to friction. In practice these limit values are not always reached.

iglidur® J3 Application temperature
Lower -50°C
Upper, long-term +90 °C
Upper, short-term +120 °C
Secure axially in addition +60 °C
Table 03: Temperature limits

Temperatures

The temperatures prevailing in the bearing system also have an influence on the bearing wear. The wear increases with rising temperatures, and the influence is especially marked from 90°C temperature onwards. An additional securing is recommended at temperatures higher than +60°C.

Figure 04: Coefficients of friction dependent on the surface speed, p = 0,75 MPa
 
X = Sliding speed [m/s]
Y = Coefficient of friction μ

 

Figure 05: Coefficients of friction dependent on the load, v = 0.01 m/s
 
X = Load [MPa]
Y = Coefficient of friction μ

 
Friction and wear

Just like the wear resistance, the coefficient of friction µ also alters with the load (Fig. 04 and 05).

iglidur® J3 Dry Grease Oil Water
Coefficients of friction μ 0,08–0,15 0,09 0,04 0,04
Table 04: Friction values against steel (Ra= 1 μ, 50 HRC)

Fig. 06: Wear, rotating application with various shaft materials

Figure 06: Wear, rotating application with different shaft materials, p = 1 MPa, v = 0,3 m/s
 
Y = wear [μm/km]
 
A = Aluminum, hard-anodized
B = machining steel
C = Cf53
D = Cf53, hard chrome-plated
E = St37
F = V2A
G = X90

 
shaft materials

Friction and wear also depend to a high degree on the shaft material. Very smooth shafts increase the coefficient of both friction and wear. A smoothed surface with an average surface finish Ra = 0,1–0,3 µm is best suited for iglidur® J3. It can be seen from Fig. 06 that iglidur® J3 can be combined with numerous different shaft materials. In Figure 07, rotating and pivoting operations are compared. It can be seen that with increasing load, the wear increases strongly with rotation than with pivoting movements.

Fig. 07: Wear in swivelling and rotating applications

Figure 07: Wear in pivoting and rotating applications with Cf53 dependent on the load
 
X = Load [MPa]
Y = Wear [μm/km]
 
A = Rotating
B = Pivoting

 
 

Medium Resistance
Alcohols +
Hydrocarbons +
Greases, oils without additives +
Fuels +
Diluted acids 0 to -
Strong acids -
Diluted bases +
Strong bases + to 0
+ resistant      0 partially resistant      - non-resistant Table 05: Chemical resistance of iglidur® J3
 


Electrical properties

Specific forward resistance > 1012 Ωcm
Surface resistance > 1012 Ω

chemical resistance

iglidur® J3 bearings are resistant to diluted alkalis and very weak acids as well as to fuels and all kinds of lubricants. The low humidity absorption allows them to be used in wet or humid environment. The bearings made of iglidur® J3 are resistant to many cleaning agents used in the food industry.

Radioactive rays

Resistant up to a radiation intensity of 1 x 104 Gy

UV-resistant

iglidur® J3 bearings change color under the influence of UV rays. However the hardness, compressive strength and the wear resistance of the material do not degrade.

Vacuum

In application in vacuum, the potentially existent moisture content is degassed. For this reason only the dry iglidur® J3 bearings are suitable for vacuum.

Electrical properties

Electrically insulating

Maximum moisture absorption
by +23 °C/50 % r. F. 0,3 Wt.-%
Max. water absorption 1,3 Wt.-%

Table 06: Moisture absorption

Effect of moisture absorption on plain bearings

Diagram 10: Effect of moisture absorption
 
X = Moisture absorption [weight %]
Y = Reduction of inside diameter [%]

 
humidity absorption / moisture absorption

The humidity absorption of iglidur® 200 bearings amounts to about 0,3% in standard climatic conditions. The saturation limit in water is 1,3 %. These values are so low that a moisture expansion need to be considered only in extreme cases.

Diameter
d1 [mm]
Shaft
h9 [mm]
iglidur® J3
E10 [mm]
Housing H7
[mm]
Up to 3 0 - 0,025 +0,014 +0,054 0 +0,010
> 3 to 6 0 - 0,030 +0,020 +0,068 0 +0,012
> 6 to 10 0 - 0,036 +0,025 +0,083 0 +0,015
> 10 to 18 0 - 0,043 +0,032 +0,102 0 +0,018
> 18 to 30 0 - 0,052 +0,040 +0,124 0 +0,021
> 30 to 50 0 - 0,062 +0,050 +0,150 0 +0,025
> 50 to 80 0 - 0,074 +0,060 +0,180 0 +0,030
> 80 to 120 0 - 0,087 +0,072 +0,212 0 +0,035
> 120 to 180 0 - 0,100 +0,085 +0,245 0 +0,040

Table 07: Important tolerances iaw. ISO 3547-1 after press-fitting.

Installation tolerances

iglidur® J3 bearings are standard bearings for shafts with h-tolerance (recommended minimum h9). The bearings are designed for press-fit in a housing with h7 tolerance. After the installation in a housing with nominal diameter, the inner diameter of the bearing automatically adjusts to the E10 tolerance. Compared to the installation tolerance, the inner diameter varies according to moisture absorption.